Sunday, March 26, 2017

15 Great Businesses Nigerian Women Can start and run from Home



Nigerian women especially housewives can start and successfully run a few businesses from home whether part time or full time. Many Nigerian housewives, unemployed single women and even working married women have a desire to earn more income whether part time or full time doing one or more businesses which are usually not disruptive for their lives – their children or spouses won’t suffer neglect because of these businesses, they are not very time consuming.  Many times having a flexible time schedule or lots of free time is the key factor of whether or not you can use it.

The opportunities are endless but we can start with the following business ideas and which many Nigerian women can take advantage of;

A Shortlist of some Small Businesses Nigerian Women Can Start from home

The following business opportunities are suitable for Nigerian women to start and run from home;

Private Home Tutoring

Teaching school subjects like maths, social studies, biology, chemistry to name a few to both primary and secondary school pupils at their private residences is a great business for Nigerian women who have flexible time schedules. You can charge as little as N12,000 per month per child to teach a subject twice a week or up to N50,000 a month in big cities like Abuja and Lagos but this depends on how sought after you are. This business is ideal for women who are trained teachers or who have teaching experience

Day Care Center

Women who love children or teaching children new things are ideal candidates for crèche or day care centers. You can start one from home if your landlord and neighbours are okay with it else you may have to rent somewhere not far from where you live but a few women I know run day care centers from home and have been doing so for years. The business can grow really fast in a short time as the return on investment is quite high. You can find out more by clicking how to start a daycare center in Nigeria

Office Lunch Service to Nigerian Workers:

Most people in the workplace in major Nigerian cities patronize ‘mama put’ or for those who can afford it go to a fast food restaurant. Sadly both are not suitable options since ‘mama put’ is often run by illiterate women with poor cooking skills and hygiene whereas the fast food is expensive the customer cannot truly be called king in both cases. Therefore getting delicious and affordable lunch service to offices is a great business opportunity if you know how to go about it. A lady in Abuja I know does this and sponsors her children through school along with her siblings and owns a small house she built with money from this business

Freelance Writing

If you have excellent writing skills, a good social media influence and you’re a self-starter, then freelance writing is your turf. You can pursue a career in online freelance writing like Bamidele Onibalusi of www.writersincharge.com who makes a decent monthly income from writing from home as a freelancer making over $5,000 monthly.

Nanny Service for young Nigerian Couples

There is a growing demand for full time nannies or as we call it in Nigeria ‘house girl/maid or part time nannies (babysitters) to look after children of educated and formally employed couples or single mothers who because of their busy and often high paying corporate jobs must leave their children in the care of reliable nannies. The reality is the business can be profitable if well run and good well trained nannies are employed the challenge is often finding nannies with good character

Academic Research Services

Students need to have term papers written for them some need help with their projects while others are struggling with assignments due to work or other commitments, a freelance researcher can specialize in an academic field to help these students with their academic challenges and get paid in the process. Women who are academically sound and unemployed can create websites to promote this service and make a decent part time income in the process

Nigerian Backyard Poultry

This is an informally run poultry business located in a Nigerian residential building with less than 100 birds being reared. It is ideal for egg production business and can generate between N600 to N3,000 per day for 100 egg producing birds depending on the size of the eggs.

Neighbourhood Corner Shop

This is the only business I know will always have customers and can still grow. Expect to generate daily sales of at least N60,000 a day if you are in a densely populated area with profit between N1,500 and N9,000

Nigerian home run Health and Wellness service

There is a growing health consciousness among Nigerians about keeping fit and healthy. Many people sign up for weight loss classes, some want a fitness coach to guide them with aerobics, yoga, pilates and other exercise programs which all go for a fee, with monthly fee ranging from N5,000 to N30,000 per month depending on your target market

Beauty Salon for Nigerian Women

Nigerian women love to be recognized and admired and they go through a lot to get their hair done, nails fixed etc. In my neighbourhood a housewife is into this beauty salon thing and she isn’t doing badly.

Fashion/Stylist Consultant

Some women are so good at styling that people who have a strong need to appear well styled e.g celebrities and fashionistas with deep pockets often consult for dress and styling.

Make Money Blogging in Nigeria

I have an article on this topic you’ll find it here You can join me, Linda Ikeji, Laila Ikeji of Laila’s blog and hundreds of aspiring bloggers who are making money part time or full time using blogging to achieve their income goals. The process isn’t quite easy because it requires patience and determination but it’s only a matter of time before you start seeing results.

Online Retail Shop

How many times have you sought to buy things online and either the price isn’t right or you don’t trust the seller? Some smart people have found out how to overcome this and have created online shops to sell various items such as Jewelry, wrist watches, clothing items and mobile phones but this business requires a good strategy and execution to work

Overseas Admission Placement

Nigerians spend over $2 billion annually paying school fees in overseas universities that is according to former CBN governor and now emir of Kano Sanusi Lamido as at 2014. The figure must have gone up by now but my point being that there is ahuge market in linking Nigerians to overseas study opportunities and you don’t necessarily need to have an office to do that.

Head Hunting for Nigerian Businesses

There are many businesses that prefer to outsource head hunting to specialists. Schools especially have a strong need to outsource this service preferring for a recruitment agency to just send them a list of suitable candidates for interview and you get paid a fee for every successful candidate employed through you. 

Final Notes for aspiring Nigerian Women Business Owners

The first step to becoming a business owner is to start and after starting there will be challenges but as you gain experience in the business the road becomes smoother till you eventually reach a point where you can live comfortably on the profits your business makes for you. Start and don’t let adversity hold you back. Good luck with your intended business venture
I am Paul Onwueme and I write bankable, professional business plans and you can reach me by: 0803 206 4106 or email me: paulonwueme@gmail.com

Saturday, March 11, 2017

How profitable is Cassava Processing and Exportation Business in Nigeria?


Cassava processing is a very lucrative and versatile venture to do in Nigeria but it is also one of the most untapped opportunities many Nigerians are not looking at maybe because it’s too common to be viewed locally as a goldmine.

The cassava crop can yield up to 15 different products when processed and each of these products has relatively large markets. In Brazil for instance Cassava is processed into ethanol which can be used for powering automobile vehicles whereas China purchases Cassava pellets from Nigeria for use in producing industrial Caramel, glucose and High quality cassava flour for the food processing industry.

Cassava flour is a good substitute for wheat flour and it alone generated over N25 billion from 125,000 tons to the Nigerian economy in 2014 mostly serving the domestic food market whereas Nigeria imported over N635 billion worth of wheat flour in 2014 from the USA we lose at least $2 billion per annum in foreign exchange (FAO, 2014) to our local preference for wheat flour over cassava flour. Even the N25 billion realized  from Cassava flour processing in 2014 is a far cry from the over $28 million that Costa Rica which produces far less Cassava as Nigeria generated in the same year from exports to Europe and India. So the Cassava processing industry can offer Nigeria a lot of income and wealth if well harnessed in addition, one large scale cassava processing mill can employ over 280 people and if Nigeria has at least 1,000 mills we are talking of creating at least  over 280,000 jobs.

What is the Market size of Cassava Processing and exportation opportunities in Nigeria?
From the 35 million tons of cassava we produce we can process 20 million tons into various products such as 2 million tons of animal feeds which can potentially generate N160 billion, 3 million tons of industrial starch which can generate N150 billion and 4 million tons of ethanol which can generate over N320 billion that’s over N620 billion per annum from 3 products only, the drawback is that garri could become more expensive for the local market. From exportation Nigeria can generate $400 per ton from 50,000 tons of cassava pellets exported to China which is $20 million per annum.

Who are the likely customers for Processed Cassava products and where can they be found?
Locally our cottage industries could purchase products derived from cassava. For instance, manufacturers of perfumes and insecticides, pharmaceutical companies, breweries, Noodles and Pasta companies, poultry and livestock farms among others, internationally trading companies that supply overseas food processing companies would order for Cassava Pellets.

Where is the money in Cassava Processing? Is it the domestic market or the exports market?
The domestic market is far more lucrative than the exports market except if you want to specialize in processing cassava pellets then there is a good market for it in China however most products that can be derived from cassava processing are more profitable for the local market, Garri alone has a huge local market that can guarantee year round sales  and industrial starch also has a huge market.

What is the Future of Cassava Processing in Nigeria?
  • Production of Industrial starch is expected to continue increasing due to increased local demand from factories and rising cost of importation
  • Bakery industry will continue to demand for HQCF as the alternative is becoming too expensive for them to purchase
  • The cost of purchasing animal feeds is ever on the rise thus cassava processing can offer cheaper alternatives to existing animal feeds sources
  • Nigeria’ population is increasing by over 3% per annum which means there will be a large market for Garri, starch and other cassava products

List of Products that can be derived from Cassava Processing

  • High quality Cassava Flour which can be used in baking bread, cakes etc
  • Industrial Starch – is used in production of custards, salad dressing, food additives, making noodles and pasta and also as food thickeners and stabilizers.
  • Industrial Caramel – which can serve as colouring to drinks and used in flavoring popcorn among other edibles
  • Ethanol and bio fuel – Cassava can be processed to produce ethanol and other bio fuels which can be used in powering automobile machines and some industrial machines. Ethanol is also used in producing perfumes, spirits, drugs, insecticides  and varnishes
  • Garri – is a popular staple in Nigeria consumed by more than 80 million people on a daily basis
  • Glucose syrup – it can also be processed into sweeteners like glucose syrup which is an alternative for sugar and saccharine. Large manufacturers like beverage and food processing companies need glucose as sweeteners and additives to their products
  • Animal feeds – cassava can be processed into livestock feeds for pigs, goats and poultry animals and the local market for this product is over N800 billion as of 2016
  • Canned Juice and Jams cassava can be processed into juice and can be combined with other ingredients to make jam

When I start what are the likely Challenges and Threats I’ll have to deal with?

  • Cheap and/or preferred Substitutes in high demand: Many of the cassava derivatives have cheaper or more preferred substitutes which the local market is attracted to. For instance Wheat flour and is still largely preferred to cassava flour and cassava starch is not the number one source of stabilizers and thickeners in food processing industry
  • Processing Challenges: The processing of cassava into its derivatives requires appropriate technology and techniques and both are in very short supply as the locally fabricated machines are at best average and some of the processing techniques are labour intensive. An optimum processing facility that can produce quality cassava products is also very expensive to acquire.
  • Marketing Challenges: Locating buyers especially if you’re into exportation is not easy, first many international buyers prefer to buy from Costa Rica and Brazil because of superior processing and storage of cassava roots. Secondly, the price of cassava per ton is relatively low compared to other cash crops and doesn’t encourage large scale cultivation
  • Finance and Credit facilities: Cassava processing needs adequate funding to grow and only the bank of agriculture and bank of industry are disposed towards this industry and both have limited funds available.

How much Investment do I need to make in order to start a Cassava Processing Mill in Nigeria?

Capital Investments
Factory Building
N6,000,000
Auto Fryer
N1,500,000
Peeler
N1,000,000
Presser
N850,000
Grater
N600,000
Hammer Cyclone
N500,000
Sieve
N450,000
Scales and Sealing machine
N290,000
Cabinet Dryer
550,000.00
Manual Fryer
200,000.00
Cassava Chipper
200,000.00
25 KVA generator
N400,000
Installation costs
N757,000
Logistics
N200,000
Subtotal
N13,294,000
Admin Startup Expenses
Contingency
N3,200,000
Others
N9,400,000
Subtotal
N13,600,000
Grand total
N27,594,000

What is the return on investment, payback period and expected first year sales?
An investment of N28 million can yield N6 million plus in net profit after tax from Garri and Flour processing alone. This means you can recoup your investment in 4.5 to 5 years based on projected first year sales of N164 million and 15% average year on year sales within same period.

For more information on how to start a cassava processing mill in Nigeria or to have a professionally written business plan for you give me a call: 0803 206 4106 or email me at: paulonwueme@gmail.com

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Which is a more lucrative business to do in Nigeria – A supermarket or a fast food restaurant?



This blog post asks this question because of the strategic nature investors and entrepreneurs seek out business and investment opportunities in Nigeria. There are many business opportunities one could look at in Nigeria but as I stated some months ago I’ll be doing a side by side review of business ventures in Nigeria as a way of guiding would be investors looking for new ventures to invest in and entrepreneurs on raising finance to fund their ventures. 

Let’s start with a hypothetical question - If you have N50 million today which of these two ventures would you invest in?
  • A supermarket business or
  • A fast food restaurant
If you haven’t read my article from 2013 about how to startup a mini supermarket in Nigeria the link is here for you to read.

Is there room for more investments in Supermarkets in Nigeria?
The supermarket falls under the retail sector of the Nigerian economy which has been growing at an average of over 13% per annum since 2009 and has led to many global retail giants coming to invest in Nigeria. Most people still shop informally at open air markets, which is not suitable for many busy city dwellers. There are also too many underserved market needs such as convenience, proximity, broad product range and attractive ambiance which many Supermarket customers look forward to but which many supermarkets are not still offering. This explains why huge investments have been made in this sector for instance Next Supermarket in Abuja, Grand Square, 4U, 212 Supermarket, World Mart, SPAR, Park n Shop and Sahad Stores have positioned themselves to grab a share of the market. In Lagos, Ebeano, Park n Shop, Domino Stores, Shoprite among others are making their presence felt.

Shoprite in particular has invested over $1 billion in less than 10 years opening many locations in Nigeria (at least 12) with plans to open more they even have some within stone throw from each other – Lekki has two in Lagos, there is one at Ikeja just to name a few whereas at Abuja there are three Shoprite locations built in less than 4 years and a fourth one is under construction at Lugbe Axis. Park ‘N’ Pay another big retail giant from South Africa is planning to enter the Nigerian market in 2018. Some other brands going online to grab a share such as Jumia, Konga and PayPorte have also invested heavily in reaching retail customers online. Overall less than 8% of the formal retail market has been captured by these big brands even with the huge investments they’ve made according to the Economist Magazine.

What can make a Supermarket in Nigeria profitable or otherwise?
In Nigeria a supermarket when located in a suitable area is a sustainable and profitable business to do. Of course bearing in mind that the operating costs have to be kept at a minimum for it to work but seriously if you setup a supermarket in a good location within any of the busy cities you can be sure of remaining in business for years even when other kinds of businesses are packing up left and right around you.

First the main costs of the business comes from inventory, rent, salaries and power supply all of which can be adequately met if your sales is within the breakeven threshold, the next question naturally to ask is what can I do to ensure that I meet my sales target. This is a closely guarded secret for supermarkets because there are techniques which you can apply to make people stay longer and buy more things when they walk in plus the way in which you arrange things in the supermarket can all contribute to how much sales you can make (more details about the marketing strategy available in a supermarket business plan on request)

Secondly there are challenges which can threaten the life of the supermarket for instance internal fraud by unscrupulous staff, high spoilage from perishable goods, repeated theft of various products even high value products by some customers, armed robbery attacks, rising energy costs and fire outbreak.

What about Setting up a fast food restaurant in Nigeria?
Fast food restaurants are very popular in Nigeria, in 2012 this industry generated over N250 billion gross sales from 800 restaurant locations nationwide which is an average of N313 million per year for each restaurant or N800,000 per day in sales per outlet. Mind you fast food restaurants have one of the highest profit margins of over 30% but they also have one of the highest operating costs among various industries - more than 40% of their operating income goes to powering and servicing their generators, they pay huge amounts for rent and pay higher salaries than most other hospitality businesses in Nigeria, despite all these they are still profitable businesses to do but they require qualified and technically sound people to manage them.

Fast food restaurant or Supermarket Business – where is the money?
While an above average fast food restaurant location does over N1 million a day in sales with estimated N300,000 daily operating income a supermarket outlet like Shoprite could be doing over N60 million per day in sales with operating income of over N1.8 million daily. This is because Fast food businesses rely more on value sales unlike Supermarkets that thrive more on volume sales. A fast food restaurant may actually prefer to specialize in selling a particular line of food if they can be sure of high profit margin and adequate patronage than for them to sell many food items with diverse profit margins. So it isn’t uncommon to find one restaurant known more for serving Pizza, another for great chicken based meals, another for continental food, some are great at confectioneries while some are better than others in Shawarma etc. Supermarkets must sell a lot of products in a short time and so must offer wide product selection to customers in addition to using other marketing techniques to prolong customer visits and encourage impulsive buying. 
I wish I could go on and on but I must stop here, if you have a strong desire to invest your money and you’re wondering which sector offers better prospects look out in future for more of these kinds of post but these two aren’t bad to look at. Thanks for reading.

Do you need a professionally written, bankable business plan? Give me a call: 0803 206 4106 or email me at: paulonwueme@gmail.com to have one prepared for you